The Pink lake Hillier
The Hillier lake (Lake Hillier) located on the Middle island ( Middle Island ), the biggest of the Islands and islets that make up the archipelago Recherch ( Archipelago of the Recherche ), scattered along the southern coast of Western Australia .
Small salty lake-Hillier . surrounded by a belt of white salt, more like something fabulous and Woosnam than the actual natural formation in the middle of the ocean. On all sides it is surrounded by the greenery of various species of eucalyptus and paper trees, which from the dark-blue waves of the ocean separates the narrow strip of white sand.
The peculiarity of this lake is its bright pink color . The color is permanent and does not change when water is taken into the container. The length of the lake is about six hundred meters. A narrow strip of land consisting of sand dunes and covered with vegetation separates the lake from the ocean.
Serenely and majestically stretches of the Australian coast mysterious, surrounded by many legends and fascinating beauty of the pink lake Hillier.
It is a miracle lake on middle island (eng. the “Middle Island”), which is part of the archipelago, consisting of hundreds of small Islands and stretches for many kilometres along the southern coast of Australia. The entire island Hillier is a unique conservation area. The width of the lake is just 600 metres away and plays a brilliant pink glare surface low gloss lacquer is reminiscent of the fabric. Due to the lake Hillier, Middle island woody gets a lot of unusual shades. Pink water surrounded on all sides by bright green gum trees, separated from the ocean blue just a white sandy beach.
In 1950, the island was visited by a group of scientists who had expected to find in the salty lake water some algae, for example, giving a pinkish color to other Australian waters red algae. Of these algae secreted red pigment, which gives the water a pinkish hue. However, much to the surprise of scientists, the analysis of lake water samples showed no trace of any algae. Later appeared a version that the pink colour of the water give micro-organisms-archaea. The prokaryotes similar to bacteria, but with some biochemical differences. However, the question remains open.
In the history of the lake Hillier was first mentioned in 1802, when on middle island made a stop on their way to Sydney English Navigator and hydrographer Matthew Flinders. Later, from 20 to 40 years of the nineteenth century, the island had stopped the whalers and hunters on seals, and in the early twentieth century from the lake began to produce salt. However, a few years later the production was stopped and since then, the soothing silence of a Median island with its mysterious lake, no one is more disturbing.
Today this beautiful lake lives his quiet measured life, happily opening its arms to hundreds of travelers that each year visit the Middle island, in order to admire one of the most beautiful wonders of Australia.
Hillier — not the only pink lake. There are other similar lakes in other parts of the world. For example, the salty lake Retba in Senegal.
So why is lake Hillier in Western Australia pink?
It is not excluded the version that the pink color of the lake give the water of any minerals dissolved in it. However, all this is hypothesis, not supported by evidence. A clear answer to the question about the origin of the pink waters of this Australian lake today, no…
that, however, does not prevent to admire its beauty!