The deepest lakes of the world
Imagine that you are swimming in a deep lake and can’t see the bottom. You only feel samarajiva cold water under a water and deep, stretching into infinity. Many people are afraid of depth, and even the best swimmer in the world may experience fear after the stories about the legends and mysteries Shrouding the bottomless water of the deepest lakes in the world. The depth of any lake change with the climate and seasons of rains, but overall, there are certain constants. Today we explore the top ten deepest lakes in the world, learn about their history and secrets.
10. Lake Matano
9. Crater Lake
With striking volcanic past, crater lake National Park is located in crater lake in Oregon. It is a place of immeasurable beauty, surrounded by cliffs 600 meters high, with two small Islands. Crater is a breathtaking open sea, a real laboratory for photographers. It is the deepest lake in the United States, with a maximum depth of 594 meters and with the purest water in North America (from the point of view of the absence of pollutants). The lake is fed by melting winter snow. The crater was formed 7,700 years ago after a violent eruption, but the legend can tell a lot more about it. Indian tribe Klamath says about the raging war between Llao, spirit of the underworld, who lived in Mount Mazama and Scella — spirit of the upper world. Lao love Sucker — the daughter of an Indian chief Klamath, but was rejected and decided to punish the people with a curse of fire. Skelo came to help and after a long battle he managed to defeat Llao, whom he had imprisoned in the depths of mount Mazama. In the end, he covered a hole the magnificent lake.
8. Great Slave lake
Great Slave lake covers an area of 11,000 square miles of the Northwest territories of Canada and reaches 615 m in depth, making it the deepest lake in North America. Due to the low temperatures in the field throughout the eight months of the year, the lake is almost always partially frozen, while during winter the ice is so strong that it passing trucks and trailers. And although there is no physical evidence, it is rumoured that in the Great Slave lake lives an unidentified large creature. Many talk about the big hump in the water, usually taken for a rock, until it submerges back into the sea, or like an alligator monster with a pointed head. One Roman Catholic priest even saw a large creature with a dragon’s head that went out on the lake. The creature was later named Slave.
7. Lake Issyk Kul
In the Republic of Kyrgyzstan in the Northern Tien Shan is lake Issyk-Kul — a lake of salt water, the site of which 2,500 years ago was located in a very developed metropolis. The average water depth is 304 m, while the deepest point is reduced to 668 meters. According to the legend, during preislamic times, the king of the local ruler were the ears of a donkey. He managed to hide them, while killing all his barbers, so as not to reveal the secret. One day, one of the barbers escaped and revealed the secret, causing the water rose and flooded the Kingdom. Indeed, archaeological finds indicated the presence of an advanced ancient civilization in the place where now is the lake Issyk-Kul. This one is among the deepest lakes in the world.
6. Lake Malawi
Also known as Lake Nyasa, Lake Malawi is the southernmost lake in the East African Eastern rift valley, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. At 706 meters deep, the second deepest lake in Africa and its tropical waters it inhabits more species of fish than any other lake on Earth. The researchers studied soils sediments Lake Malawi and found that 100,000 years ago the water level slept approximately to the current level, turning the earth around lakes in semi-arid and arid habitats. According to some scholars, this may be the reason why early man had escaped from Africa to other parts of the world.
5. Lake San Martin
Located in Patagonia, the lake is called O’higgins in Chile and San martín in Argentina. It is the deepest lake in the Americas with a maximum depth of 835 meters (measured near the O’higgins Glacier). The lake is very irregular and consists of eight clearly defined sleeves with milky blue water percolating through kamenistyy breed. The lake is named after South American heroes Jose de San Martin of Argentina and Bernardo O’higgins of Chile, who fought for the liberation of the country.
4. Lake Vostok
Out of the 140 sub-glacial lakes on Earth, Vostok is the largest and deepest with a maximum depth of 899 metres. Located beneath the Russian station Vostok, at 3962 metres under the surface of the Central Antarctic ice sheet, is the most unexplored lake on Earth. British and Russian scientists have discovered only in 1996. The average temperature of the water in lake Vostok is -3 °C. But in spite of freezing temperatures, the lake is liquid because of high pressure from the weight of the ice.
Scientists also found that the ice core may be 420,000 years more. This means that the lake has been closed more than 500,000 years ago. So far there is no evidence of life in Lake Vostok. Despite this, if you live in the lake any variety, they will likely develop the characteristic features to survive in oxygen-rich environment of this deep lake.
3. The Caspian sea
Between the southern areas of the Russian Federation and Northern Iran is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth. The Caspian sea is a lake with salty water (salinity of approximately 1.2%) that has no outlet to the sea due to continental drift 5.5 million years ago. The remnant of the ancient Tethys ocean (exactly the same as Black, or Mediterranean), the Caspian sea is the third deepest lake in the world, with a depth of 1025 meters. Fauna in the Caspian basin is very rich: lots of sturgeons, Caspian white fish, Caspian roach, Caspian bream and an abundance of rare species of salmon. The Caspian sea is very rich in energy resources, among which oil and gas deposits identified since the 10th century.