Russian scientists have discovered in Antarctica a unique lake hidden under the ice
  Arctic treasure, sometimes you feel, are inexhaustible. And unique discovery of Russian scientists in the Arctic and in the Antarctic - there is no number. And has no equal…

Continue reading →

Austria — holidays, tours, city
Austria — a country where you can always count on rich and comfortable stay. In the programs of travels in Austria and provides not only a fascinating tour of the…

Continue reading →

About Canada from the bird's eye view
  Canada is the land of beautiful lakes. The largest — the Top, with an area of 83 270 km2, and the largest freshwater lake in the world. The great…


A Unique lake with the unpronounceable name


Sometimes it seems that the lake, which is called the Elgygytgyn for it already deserves attention. Fortunately, it not only is interesting this is one of the many unique places in Russia.

If you look at the lake from above, immediately struck by how sharply defined his boundaries and how correct almost round shape has a contour of its shores. All this apparently not by accident. Scientists suggest that it was formed 3.5 million years ago on a place of falling of a large meteorite, that is, in fact, it’s a hole, a crater. The first is the lake described in his works by the famous Russian geologist Sergey Obruchev, son of Vladimir Obruchev, author of the famous “Sannikov Land”.

Most of the year the surface of the lake is covered with ice, in some years it does not melt even in summer. The lake shore is covered with permafrost. Flow into the lake about 50 tributaries, the lake the river flows Enmyvaam (tributary of the Belaya river. the basin of the Anadyr river).

Elgygytgyn lake, view from space

Translated from Chukchi “Elgygytgyn” means “white”, “non-melting”.

The settlements near the lake there are no roads to it.

Scientists believe that the lake has never been subjected to glaciation, which affected the whole Arctic and “mixed” soil so that more than a few tens, maximum hundreds of thousands of years scientists can not penetrate. It’s like at the scene – if I visited somebody and stirred for evidence, the whole picture is almost impossible to recover. And only in the Elgygytgyn lake can be found untouched by glacier deposits, which are 3.5 million years and to restore the pre-glacial history of the region. For example, to prove that the glacier was in Europe was a subtropical climate.

The valley around the lake are full of life. You can see foxes, moose with wide antlers up to 2 meters and even the extremely rare black squirrel. In March the club runs blue polar Fox by 60 – 70 birds. The spectacle of so-called “wolf weddings” leaves a lasting impression. In early April, in the valley of the lake down herds of wild reindeer in some years, reaching 130 – 170 thousand heads. Around herds of wandering bears accumulate up to 15 individuals. They are a kind of nurses.

And inside of the lake can find its own unique features. In lake Elgygytgyn lives albacore pallium Svetovidova ( Salvethymus svetovidovi ), local fish species described in 1990, cannot be found anywhere else outside of this lake. This view is also only representative of the genus. In order to protect the lake was declared a nature sanctuary in Magadan region. Surprisingly, this species was described relatively recently: even though it is not found in the lake is not a rare fish – the population is estimated a minimum in 100 thousand.

Albacore Svetovidova pallium (pictured – top) rarely hits the camera lenses

Albacore paliya is a small fish with a length of 16.3—33 centimeters and weighing up to 400 grams. Distinctive features are high flattened laterally body, hunchbacked, very short snout, large eyes. The lower jaw protrudes forward, particularly in Mature males. On the jaws, tongue, Palatine bones have a powerful klinovidnye teeth. Brook trout can live up to 30 years.

Elgygytgyn lake is exploring a huge consortium of scientists from around the world, and maybe soon we learn of him something unique.

  There is little that can be as fresh and calming than clear water surface of the lake. Beautiful lakes fascinate you and attract you, while the thrill of diving…

Continue reading →

Anapa rest on margrethevej volcano
  Near the village of Golubitskaya on the Azov sea coast is one of the most interesting, unusual and popular tourist attractions. This mud volcanic Geology (also known as Sinyaya…


Killarney is a charming Irish town
Killarney (which means "Church thorn branch") is located on the coast in the South-Western corner of Ireland. There are well-known lakes of Killarney. The beauty of the surroundings and a…