The 10 largest lakes on Earth
If during the upcoming holidays you do not want once again to go to sea, we offer you a great alternative – the lake. Here is the list of the 10 largest lakes, most of which you can relax.
In Europe the largest lakes are Caspian sea (a salt lake) and lake Ladoga (fresh). They are on the territory of Russia. If you haven’t seen these wonderful lakes, then go immediately to them.
Caspian lake . which is more commonly called the sea – the Earth’s largest inland lake, which is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia and has an area of 371 square kilometers. The lake has an oceanic origin and salt water. In the Caspian lake is home to many (more than 1800) species of animals, the most famous of which is the Caspian seal, sturgeon, roach, perch. This lake is only slightly inferior to the area of the Black sea that attracts many tourists on the coast.
Lake Ladoga is the largest on the European continent fresh-water lake. The area with its numerous Islands is 18,1 square kilometers. The shoreline of the lake is over a thousand kilometers. Lake Ladoga was formed over eight and a half million years ago, after the formation in the North of the Karelian isthmus. The lake is of glacial origin, the topography of the lake, its bowl formed were held in the area by a glacier. Lake Ladoga is the unique natural landscapes.
Baikal – a unique and amazing lake, which is, again, in Russia. In addition to the record area (area of Bakal is equal to the area of a country such as Belgium) is the deepest lake in the world. And unique water of lake Baikal. It is extremely clear and pure, since ancient times is considered curative. Baikal’s water is weakly mineralized and the composition is close to distilled. So in the spring the water clarity is about forty meters. Baikal lives Kolo 1000 endemic animals and plants.
Lake Victoria is located in the Eastern part of the African continent. The lake is located on the territory of three countries: Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Victoria owes its origin to the tectonic trough of the East African platform, which occurred hundreds of millions of years ago. The lake area is 69 square kilometers. The greatest width of the lake is two hundred seventy-five kilometers, and the length of three hundred twenty kilometers. Flora and fauna of the lake is striking in its diversity. The lake is inhabited by a huge number of crocodiles. It is noteworthy that in lake Victoria the fish lives lang, who lived here more than three hundred million years ago.
Australia. Lake Eyre is the largest lake on the continent, opened by the Australian researcher John Eyre in 1840. The lake is located in the desert of Central Australia and the lake is drying up. But even the existence of this lake in the desert is itself amazing. Size air 9.5 thousand square kilometers. Interestingly, in the rainy season on the lake there are floods, and during the severe drought, it never dries up completely. Lake Eyre has a yacht club.
Huron (eng. Lake Huron) is one of the great North American lakes. Lake Huron is East of lake Michigan and is connected with it by the Straits of Mackinac. Geographically, lake Michigan and lake Huron is usually considered separate lakes, although functionally they are part of the same water system. The area of lake Huron is 59600 square kilometers.
Michigan is the only Great lakes entirely located on the territory of the USA. The lake area is about 57 750 square kilometers.
The abundance of flora and fauna of the lakes make them attractive for numerous tourists, hunters and fishermen.
South America has two major lakes – salt and fresh Maracaibo Titicaca.
Maracaibo lake in Venezuela, on the banks of which lives a quarter of the population of this country. The lake has an area of over 13,000 square kilometres and is, apparently, the most ancient lake on Earth. The swimming pool has large oil reserves. And the place where the river empties into the Catatumbo lake Maracaibo, called the “place of lightning”. They sparkle every day for 7-10 hours. Surprisingly, lightning not accompanied by thunder.
Titicaca lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in South America, as well as, the most highly located above the ocean navigable lake. The water area of the lake is at a height of 3812 metres above sea level. Its surface area is 8372 square kilometers.
Antarctica also has its own lake – amazing subglacial lake Vostok . located near Vostok station. The discovery of this lake is the largest geographical discovery of the 20th century. The lake is covered with ice shield thickness of about 4000 meters and has an area of about 15,000 sq km Scientists suggest that this lake may exist amazing forms of life as it was millions of years isolated from earth’s surface. This lake is little known and you will not be able to visit it.