THE biggest lake in the world
Tops the list the largest lakes Caspian sea. It is located at the junction of Asia and Europe. The sea is called because of the huge size. Is a salty lake. The area of the sea is 371000 square kilometers Stretching from West to East — 315 km, from North to South and 1,200 km. On the lake are about 50 Islands, a dozen of peninsulas and bays. In the Caspian sea flow into rivers such as the Terek, Volga, Urals. The pond washes the shores of Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Russia and Azerbaijan. On the shores are the cities of Baku, Turkmenbashi and Makhachkala, Kaspiysk. In the Caspian sea is home to 101 fish species, as well as possible to meet seals. On the shelf of the pond works on oil, limestone, salt, sand and clay.
Second place in the rating occupies the Upper lake located on the border of USA and Canada. Equal has an area of 82700 square km lake superior is the largest freshwater body in the world. Located at an altitude of 183 m above sea level and formed due to melting of glaciers. The coastline is rugged, steep and rocky. The lake is rich with trout, sturgeon, whitefish and other species of fish. Navigation is well developed. The chief ports are thunder Bay, Ashland, and Duluth Superior.
Closes the three large lakes of the world — Victoria. It is located in East Africa, on the border of three countries — Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The lake area is 68 000 sq km Victoria is considered the second largest freshwater lake on the planet. On the pond are a lot of Islands. The lake is well developed fishing and shipping. It empties into the river Kager and flows the longest river in the world Nile. The reservoir was opened by the Englishman John Speke in 1858 and named it in honor of Queen Victoria.
Other large lakes on the planet
On the fourth and fifth place in the list of largest lakes are lakes Huron and Michigan that are included in the North American Great lakes. Michigan and Huron are connected by the Straits of Mackinac. The Huron is Manitoulin, which is considered the largest island in the world located on a freshwater lake. Lake Michigan is located entirely in the territory of the United States. On the shoreline rise cities such as Chicago, Milwaukee, Evanston and Hammond.
In sixth place is endorheic Aral sea. It is located on the border of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The area of the sea and the amount of water in it each year are declining rapidly. The researchers say that by 2020 the Aral sea will disappear from the face of the earth.
In seventh place is one of the oldest lakes on the planet Tanganyika. The waterfront belongs to Zambia, Tanzania, Congo and Burundi. Lake shoreline is dissected by bays and coves. In the lake includes crocodiles, hippos and fish. Next on the list is lake Baikal, which is concurrently also the deepest lake in the world.