Russian scientists have discovered in Antarctica a unique lake hidden under the ice
Arctic treasure, sometimes you feel, are inexhaustible. And unique discovery of Russian scientists in the Arctic and in the Antarctic – there is no number. And has no equal in the world.
Antarctica open again. Found under a huge layer of ice of the lake, it appear it on the surface, the volume of fresh water entering the top five on the planet.
Russian scientists from the Institute of Arctic and Antarctic looked in the past approximately 30 million years. Here in the laboratory of climate Change and the environment are stored cores from the Antarctic series. In the refrigerator at a temperature of – 40 degrees Celsius.
For example, the ice borehole 5G-1N from a depth of 3400 meters. Antarctic ice and snow here study at the molecular level. Radioactive isotopes determine the age of the layers. The full extent of the discoveries we have yet to realize, but there is no doubt that water samples taken from a depth of 4 km – will bring many more discoveries. «We will get information about that biodiversity, which is possible lives in this lake. Most likely, this microorganisms”, – explains the Deputy Director of fgbu «Arctic and Antarctic research Institute» Valery Lukin.
The air temperature at Vostok station is usually below minus 60. The strongest wind and oxygen starvation, but in spite of that, people and equipment were literally bite into Antarctic permafrost.
Orders for merit to the Fatherland, 4th class awarded to the head of the Department of drilling of the mining Institute Nikolai Vasiliev, head of laboratory of the Institute of Arctic Vladimir Lipenkov and Deputy Director of Institute Valery Lukin.
The results that these people are raised from the surfaces of Antarctic lakes, is applicable in various fields: Oceanography, ice physics, meteorology, and ecology. Russians were the first to have made this significant contribution to world science.
World environment day Vladimir Putin on effective and safe development of the Arctic. First of all, it was about the implementation of offshore projects, and, in the words of the President, with the involvement of this region in the economic turnover, we must adhere to a carefully calibrated approach. «This implies a permanent dialogue with civil society, environmental, environmental organisations. Of course, first of all, with those who are sincerely pursuing noble goals, rather than speculating on environmental issues. Not turns them into bargaining chips, own PR or business”, – said the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
Thus, the company «Rosneft» intends in the next 20 years to invest in Arctic shelf programme to 400 billion dollars. According to the head of the company Igor Sechin, osvoenie Arctic may be one of the drivers of economic growth. «Colleagues have said that we expect major discoveries, looking for the phenomenon. In the Kara sea will be exactly the phenomena and discoveries. According to preliminary seismic data, we discovered about 34 oil and gas structures”, – says the Chairman of the management Board of JSC «NC «Rosneft» Igor Sechin.
Putin once again stressed that all projects should be primarily to ensure a balance between economic activity and environmental preservation, and to consider the centuries-old culture and the needs of the resident indigenous peoples of the North.