The Plitvice lakes
Plitvice lakes are the number one attraction in Croatia. According to historical records, the first mention of the Plitvice lakes belongs to 1777. In 1979 the national Park ‘Plitvice lakes” was included in the register of UNESCO world heritage sites. For the opportunity to see this natural wonder tourists give 200 euros from the person and stand more than five-hour bus trip in each direction. Plitvice lakes-national Park Croatia. Its territory occupies almost 30 thousand hectares and includes 16 large and many small cascade located lakes, 140 waterfalls, 20 caves and unique beech and pine forest, preserved from ancient times and having the ability to regenerate itself. In its territory inhabited by bears, wolves and many species of rare birds and other animals. Inside organized set of routes, from short to long. The longest route (route) is estimated at 6-8 hours and this is real. Long route – a walk length of 14 km, including climbs, descents and flat sections on different trails around the lakes. Closer to the end of a long route through one of the lakes ferry transports. The shorter the route the more “paramiko” it includes. In the Park there is even a small train, which also saves time for those who do not. On routes it is difficult to get lost. Each turn is supplied with an index for each route, so you can just go and enjoy, good is what.
Until the middle of last century the Park was inaccessible to tourists, there only have been laid down. In 1958 construction began on the walkways, and at the present time, in addition to an extensive network of decks are the runs clean trains, ferries and pleasure boats. In the lakes of the Park it is strictly forbidden to swim and have picnics, campfires and walking the dogs. Such a strict order due to the preservation of natural balance, which for many years carefully preserved by local environmentalists.
Plitvice lakes – one of the few places on our planet where every year produces new waterfalls. This is due to the local limestone origin of mountains. A dropped foliage and twigs of trees with Bliznatsi quickly covered calcatelli – “Cretaceous plants”, which are endemic to stone and form solid deposits spanning the river. Water, gradually eroding like “Dam”, forms new waterfalls. Lake Park is divided into two groups: Upper and Lower. The largest of the lake – this is the Kozjak length of over 3 km and Proscansko lake with a length of 2.5 km, Main falls on the Upper lakes are funny names for the Russian ear: Batanovci, Glowacki and Kozacki. The most beautiful and famous is the waterfall of Sastavci and rushing water of the rivers Korana and Plitvice with a height of 72 meters. The Park is also interesting from the standpoint of Speleology. It has an area of 20 caves, but of particular interest are the caves under the waterfalls. The Park is located on the border of two climatic zones: coastal and continental, so continental winds here are constantly penetrating damp sea air. The water temperature in Proscansko lake and lake Kozjak in the summer reaches 24 degrees, and in January and February the lake freezes over.