The Lake Kiowa
The father of the patient, and her younger sister and brothers leaving the young men, went with his army Prince Kiy place for permanent settlement to look. Anywhere place he didn’t like. Finally he came to the valley with the lakes. The largest section of the lake was all the bird rich. He broke camp. The guards got drunk and fell asleep, tired of the constant campaigns. In the morning gulls came and all edibles are robbed. Cue angry and ordered all the nests of gulls to ruin. The soldiers climbed in the lake, but many had drowned in this drowning, gulls pecked and floating Islands are crushed. Hard enraged Cue. On the shore they found the hut of a lonely old man. Decided the old man as a sacrifice to the idol to bring. But there was a thunderstorm and the lightning have split the idol. Then the elder said, “there is Not a house you’re looking for, go back to the Dnieper river and there find a place with high hills, there is your home. And are not staying over. Your father’s dead, and brothers and sister was made”. So did the Cue, and the old man released to the world. The elder told the villagers the story, and since then, the lake became Ciowym call.
Opinion of scholars about the origins of the lake
Scientists believe that this lake of glacial origin. In the post-glacial era there was a large pond.
But it is believed that it is artificial, formed in place of an earthen pit. So, essentially, it is a pond. It is more than 100 years.
Count Panin, who owned the village, gathered many people, and they dug in the marshes along here were a ditch width of 5 meters and a depth of one and a half. Then there was dug a big pit 300×200 meters, and in the center it was left the island. To it made a dam. But fully to clear the swamp did not succeed — was prevented by the revolution of 1905. Depth was reached two meters.
The colony of gulls
For science the gull colony was opened in 1926. On the proposal of the Moscow zoo, the Moscow city Council announced in 1927, the lake Kiowa reserved.
The lake was held the first place in Europe in number of gulls. The colony consisted of 30 000 individuals.
The total area of this lake is 20 hectares, but clean water here is not much. Every year it is more and more overgrown aquatic plants, covered with quagmire. It has attracted seagulls. On the floating Islands, and among sedges, rushes and cattail they build their nests. Unique colony attracts the attention of zoologists, naturalists, tourists. More than twenty thousand gulls ringed.