210 million years ago on Mars there were glaciers and large lakes
Recently, researchers at brown University decided to conduct an unusual study and calculate how much water could be near the Martian volcano Arsia Mons. According to them, the heat of a volcano under a huge glacier in the relatively recent past contributed to the formation on the red planet, large lakes filled with water. And as you know, where there’s water, there may well be life.
According to the researchers, in the recent past, Arsia Mons, a volcano on Mars may have been the source for the existence of life. Scientists found that the glacier was located at the foot of the volcano. This is indicated by the grooved area in the foreground. According to experts, the eruption occurred on the territory of the ice cover, so in the end, the melting ice may form lakes of liquid water.
It should be noted that Arsia Mons is the tallest volcano on the red planet, and also one of the largest mountains in the Solar system. Its height exceeds the height of mount Everest almost twice. In the recent past the slopes of this giant volcano on Mars covered monolithic ice.
The analysis of the topography of the volcano, scientists have found that 210 million years ago, when there were eruptions, Arsia Mons along the North-Western part was covered by the glacier. The heat generated during the eruption, could melt huge amounts of ice to form glacial lakes. Such reservoirs are often formed in glaciers.
According to one of the authors of the study, according to a prospective calculation, such lakes could contain hundreds of cubic kilometers of meltwater, which could become a condition for the formation of habitable environments and life.
Period 210 million years for the average person seems like a huge period, but really for a volcano it’s not so much that characterizes Arsia Mons, one of the most interesting objects for future study.
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