Looking at a map, on all continents, you can see the lake. Some of them elongated, others rounded. Some lakes are located in mountainous areas, others on vast flat plains, some very deep and some very shallow. The shape and depth of the lake depend on the size of the basin which it occupies. Lake basins are formed by different ways.
Most of the major lakes of the globe is of tectonic origin. They are located in major deformations of the earth crust in the plains or fill the deep tectonic crack — rift (lake Baikal, Tanganyika, Nyasa, etc.).
Lake basins can become craters and calderas of extinct volcanoes, and sometimes depressions on the surface of lava flows. These lakes are called volcanic, are found, for example, on the Kuril and Japanese Islands, in Kamchatka, on the island of Java and in other volcanic regions of the Earth. It happens that the lava and fragments of igneous rocks dammed the river valley in this case also there is a volcanic lake.
The basin of the lake Kaali in Estonia is of meteoritic origin. It is located in the crater formed by the fall of a large meteorite.
Glacial lakes fill hollows formed as a result of the glacier activity. Moving, Continue reading
Lakes of Ukraine are scenic places that you like to relax as residents and guests from far and near abroad. Number of lakes more than 3 thousands, but really beautiful and clean bodies of water among them not too much. Unfortunately, many lakes are polluted with sewage, littered with debris and are often ugly and pathetic. The more valuable the water, where the ecosystem is preserved in its original form, where the water is clean and clear, and the flora and fauna with its variety.
Amazing lakes of the country
– the lake, which is among the «Seven wonders of Ukraine”.
The existence of such a huge accumulation of fresh water was possible due to a descent of an ancient glacier and subsequent exposure of artesian water for many thousands of years
In length the lake Svityaz of 9.3 kilometers, and its width at different sites ranges from 4 to 8 kilometers. Covering an area of the surface of the lake – 24,2 km2. As already noted, it is the deepest lake in Ukraine – deep in the deep from the bottom to the surface about 58 and a half meters, and the total water volume is approximately 190,7 million m3. Svitiaz belongs to the group of so-called Shatsk’s lakes
In the East of the lake is the picturesque Continue reading
Back in my sister Kate visited Hungary. Its emotions and experiences are unable to leave the Marina indifferent. Finally last year, and Marina got there. A group of tourists arrived in the Spa town hévíz, Hungary. Marina thought she was in heaven =) Extremely-peaceful environment, unique natural landscape, unique landscapes envelop the consciousness. It seems that the Earth cannot be a place. Here feel one with nature, feel that you are part of it. Marina, of course, heard a lot about this city, about the therapeutic properties of lake hévíz, but until I saw it with my own eyes, did not understand all the charm.
The town of hévíz is one of the most famous resorts in Hungary, is located 180 km from the capital. And lake Heviz. which Marina mentioned, is the largest warm-water lake in Europe. It is fed by underground springs from the power which the water in hévíz is updated after 28 hours. His tiny radioactive water is saturated with calcium salts and potassium. Even the bottom of it is a source of benefit, because it is covered by healing mud.
The tourist season here is developed all year round, because the temperature of the water in the lake in summer is +34 – +35°C, and in winter +25 – +28°C. And that unique feeling of Paradise on earth, Continue reading