The lake basin can be both endogenous and exogenous origin that have the most significant impact on their size, shape, water regime.
The largest lake basins of tectonic origin. They are located either in a simple tectonic structures in the basin in the plains (Ilmen, Chad) or in foothill and intermountain depressions (Balkhash), or in the grabens of the rift (Baikal, Nyasa, Tanganyika). But most of the major lake basin has a complex tectonic origin, in their education are involved as concave folds and breaks of the earth’s crust (Issyk-Kul lake. Victoria, etc.). All tectonic lakes are large in size and significant depth, and rift – an elongated and narrow shape in plan, very large depth, steep slopes. The bottoms of many deep lakes lie below the sea level, having a mirror above the water level, is cryptodepression (Baikal, Ladoga, etc.). In the location of tectonic lakes are observed certain regularities: they are concentrated along faults of the earth’s crust (the Syrian-African and Baikal rift zone), or framed panels: along the Canadian shield is a Large bear, Great Slave, Winnipeg, Athabasca, Great North American lakes; the Baltic shield along the Vyg, Segozero, Onega, Ladoga, etc.
The lakes occupy volcanic craters and calderas of extinct volcanoes or depressions in the surface of solidified lava flows (Kronotsky lake on the Kamchatka Peninsula, lake Java, Continue reading
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20 minutes from the life of vacationers
Was formed in place of salt production mountain ACE — the Tuba in Kazakh — the “roof of the salt.”
In 1906 during a violent flood waters of the river Gerbils broke in the old one. abandoned salt pit. flooded him.
The lake has an area of 66 000 sq. m. the Depth of the lake is 15-18 meters. Its maximum width is 300 meters.
In the lake there is no vegetation. no living organisms. Even in the coldest winters it does not freeze. But at a depth of four meters the temperature was already below zero. The peculiarity is that loose the man does Continue reading
Unique lake of Kazakhstan – Alakol lake is the second largest among domestic reservoirs of Kazakhstan and the only deep-water lake among the lakes of the Republic. In translation from Kazakh language means “Motley the lake”. It is really colorful – the turquoise clear morning, azure at the end of the day. This is a kind of sea steppe. Warm water and schungite stone on the shore. Beautiful sunsets, bright sun and the healing properties of water attract more and more tourists every year. There is a lake in the semi-desert zone between the snowy peaks of the Dzhungarsky Alatau and the blue ridges of the Tarbagatai on the North-East of Almaty oblast at a height of 347 m above sea level, covers an area of 2700 sq km and reaches a Depth of 50 meters, has a length of 102 km, width of 54 km it empties Into more than 15 tributaries, including the river Emel. The highest temperature on the surface of the water is 24-26 degrees.
Alakol water is salty, of the sea. Salt composition of water is sodium chloride in character, the chemical composition is comparable with the waters of the Black sea and includes almost the entire periodic table except for iodine, which contributes to the treatment of many diseases. It promotes treatment of skin diseases, has a beneficial effect on musculoskeletal apparatus, nervous system and overall health.Alakol Continue reading